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Institute of Avionics& Aeronautics

Laboratory Facilities

 

The state-of-the-art laboratory facilities being established at IAA aim to undertake high end research in avionics and aerospace systems and related fields. While the equipment for the Avionics engineering labs is under procurement, the Aerospace engineering labs are in the advanced planning and approval stage. All the labs have been designed to be adaptable, reconfigurable and modular making them ideally suited for research in a wide range of fields. In order to facilitate the application oriented research activities of the Institute, the in-house laboratory facilities will be augmented by a dedicated equipment truck for on-site data acquisition, analysis and hardware-in-loop (HIL) testing.

Given below is a description of the capabilities and research domains of the different labs when fully functional.

Aerospace Sensors & Systems Laboratory (ASSL)

Aerospace sensors lab aims at providing the research facility for advanced topics in aerospace sensors such as sensors modeling, linearization, sensor failure detection, complimentary filtering, and multiple sensor fusion. This lab will use a modular test and measurement system platform extended in SCXI signal conditioning interfaces that allow programmable filtering and signal conditioning of sensors signal as well as sensor activation. This lab when used in conjunction with avionics system integration will become a unique aircraft instrumentation and avionics integration test-bed for research purposes. ASSL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:

. Aerospace Sensors and Systems Research
. Vibrations
. Adaptive Control
. Aerospace Vehicle Autopilot Design
. Fault Tolerant and Robust Controls
. Optimization and H-infinity Controls
. Fault Detection and Isolation
. Sensors and System Identification
. Data Fusion
. Neuro-Fuzzy Techniques in Instrumentation and Measurement

 
Avonics Integration Lab (AIL)
The aim of this lab is to provide state-of-the art hybrid avionics equipment integration and systems development platform supporting multiple busses, multiple platforms and unified operations. Demonstration of implementing multiple gateways will be possible through most modern reconfigurable and programmable H/W. This complete instrumentation ready lab will be the key strength of avionics integration research facilities at IAA. It is bifurcated into two parts. The avionics Integration test-bed which aims at the integration of one specific aircraft and the research test-bed which aims at providing a toolset for simulating the environment for any research purpose in the area of avionics integration and aerospace sensors & systems simulation.
The instrumentation platform chosen for these test beds is PXI for seamless integration of signal conditioning, data acquisition and switching mechanisms. AIL's main strength is that the addition of cards can help the instrumentation equipment to morph into the desired research test bed for avionics integration. AIL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:

· Real-time fault tolerant Protocols design, implementation and analysis
· Aerospace Sensor and Systems Research
· Distributed Controls Systems Design and Evaluation Platforms
· Embedded Systems Design and Implementation
· Reconfigurable Hardware Applications
· ASIC Design Testing and Validation
· FPGA Algorithms Optimization and Basic Support Facility for ASIC Design
· Instrumentation and Measurement
· Design Validations Facilities
· Automated Test Equipment
· Production Validation and Quality Assurance
 
Electro-optics Lab (EOL)
This lab aims at providing the-state-of-the-art thermal imaging, optical and image processing and tracking , multiple sensors fusion FLIR/CCD, robust image registration techniques, optical measurement and testing using spectrometry, fiber optic sensors calibration, linearization and testing facility. Also included in the scope of this lab are fault diagnostics using multiple vision sensors, laser applications, light source, monochrome and color LEDs testing. EOL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:

· Image Processing and Image Based Tracking Control
· Multiple Sensors Fusion FLIR/CCD
· Robust Image Restoration Techniques
· Optical Measurement and Testing Using Spectrometry
· Fiber Optic Sensors Calibration, Linearization and Testing Facility
· Fault Diagnostics Using Multiple Vision Sensors
· Lasers Target Designation and Ranging and Precise Motion Measurement
 
ECM and RADAR Lab (ERL)
The aim of this lab is provide complete test facility in the range of the software defined radios, frequency hopping radios and systems, wireless adhoc networks, HF, UHF, VHF spectrum monitoring and selective jamming including the concepts of OFDM implementation and testing services. ERL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:

· Software Defined Radios
· Hopping Radios Analysis and Testing
· Jammer Design, Self Protection Jammer, Friend Aware Jamming
· Wireless Adhoc Networks
· WiMAX and Emerging Standards Analysis in Commercial Range
· HF/UHF/VHF Spectrum Monitoring and Selective Jamming
· Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)
 
Computer Aided Engineering Laboratory (CAEL)
CAE Laboratory will be equipped with the high-tech computational facilities required for the numerical simulation of flow problems, structural analysis and computational electro-magnetics. The lab's inventory will include a parallel-computing facility and a number of high performance workstations. Student as well as enterprise editions of latest engineering software like Ansys, including Ansys workbench, Gambit and Fluent will be used on the network for computation and research work in various fields including Computational Fluid Dynamics, Aircraft Design, Finite Element Analysis based Structural Analysis (both linear & non-linear), Propulsion & Hear Transfer analysis and CAD/CAM. FORTRAN, C++, Visual Basic and MATLAB are used for most of the programming work on the workstations. CAEL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:
· CFD of aircraft configurations, turbo-machinery, combustion processes etc
· FEM analysis of structures
· Modeling & simulation of mechanisms
· Virtual prototyping
 
Materials & Structures Laboratory (MSL)
Materials & Structures laboratory aims at providing research facilities for advanced topics in aerospace structures and materials which include research in the fields of hardness testing, torsion analysis, material stress & strains analysis, fatigue analysis, creep, cyclic loads, impact testing , metal material spectrum analysis , usage of acquired cloud point data for reverse engineering and prototype development. MSL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:

· Hardness testing
· Torsion analysis
· Material stress & strains analysis
· Fatigue analysis
· Creep
· Cyclic Loads
· Impact Testing
· Metal Material Spectrum Analysis
· Cloud Point Data usage For Reverse Engineering
· Prototype Development
 
Dynamics & Strength Laboratory (DSL)
Dynamics & strength laboratory aims at providing the research facilities for advanced topics in Dynamics, Vibration and Structural strength. The equipment could be utilized for multiple research areas pertaining to vibration analysis, structural strength analysis and dynamic analysis. DSL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:

· Photo Elasticity
· Photo Stress
· Strain Measuring and Analysis
· Digital Data Acquisition
· Free Vibration Analysis
· Forced Vibration Analysis
· Strength Analysis
· Dynamic Analysis
 
Aerodynamics Laboratory (ADL)
Dynamics & strength laboratory aims at providing the research facilities for advanced topics in Dynamics, Vibration and Structural strength. The equipment could be utilized for multiple research areas pertaining to vibration analysis, structural strength analysis and dynamic analysis. DSL will be equipped to support research in the following areas:Access to a subsonic wind tunnel for training and Project/ Research work will be the main attractions in this Lab, which can be used for investigating flow over various types of geometries / configurations. This lab will be equipped with a number of computerized data acquisition systems that can measure forces and moments around three axes. Flow visualization and accurate flow measurements will be done by the sophisticated Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) systems as well as Hot-Wire Anemometer. ADL will support research in the following areas:

· Aircraft configuration testing
· Flow diagnostics
· Transitional flow analysis
· Turbulence studies
 
Thermo Fluids & Propulsion Laboratory (TFPL)
Rotary compressor test facility, a Nozzle Testing Unit and an advanced combustion diagnostics setup will form a part of this lab. Various automated data acquisition systems will be available for comprehensive experimental work. TFPL will support research in the following areas:

· Compressor or fan testing
· Study of unsteady phenomena in turbomachinery
· Combustion process and combustor testing
· Study of premixed & non-premixed combustion processes
· Study of unsteady phenomena in Combustion
· Nozzle testing
· Study of bounded compressible flows